Lugamun

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Vocabulary

This file is automatically updated once a day, provided the dictionary has been modified since the last update. DON’T try to modify it manually, since all your changes will soon be overwritten! Last update: 2022-05-22.

Nouns

  • abe – bird (sources: es)
  • abela – bee (sources: es, fr, ru)
  • abentura – adventure (sources: es, en, fr, ja, ru)
  • agle – eagle (sources: en, es, fr)
  • ajibalan – wonderland (ajiba+lan)
  • ajibin – wonder, miracle, marvel (ajiba+in)
  • akil – mind (noun) (sources: ar, id, sw)
  • alkol – alcohol (sources: es, fr, en, hi, id, ru)
  • aranya – spider (sources: es, fr)
  • arbol – tree (sources: es, fr)
  • arko – arch (sources: es, en, fr, ru)
  • artikle – article (all usual meanings) (sources: fr, en, es, id)
  • aru jen – someone, somebody
  • aru ples – somewhere
  • aru tem – sometime, some time, at some point, at some time
  • aru xos – something
  • asal – origin, source (sources: id, ar, ru, sw)
  • awan – cloud (sources: id, ar)
  • baba – father (sources: cmn, sw, ar, fr, hi, id, ja, ru)
  • baca – child (sources: hi, id)
  • balor – value, worth (sources: es, fr)
  • bambu – bamboo (sources: en, es, fr, id, ru)
  • bar – bar, pub, tavern, saloon (sources: ar, en, es, fr, hi, id, ru, ja, sw)
  • bebi – baby, infant (sources: en, ja, es, fr, id)
  • beria – wolf (sources: hi, id)
  • bet – son, daughter, offspring, child (sources: ar, hi)
  • bir – beer (sources: en, id, ar, es, fr, hi, ja, sw)
  • bisu – bead (sources: ja, en, ru)
  • budisme, iman budi – Buddhism (Buda+isme)
  • buku – book (sources: id, ja, en, fr, hi)
  • buna – flower (sources: id, cmn, ja, sw)
  • byen – side (sources: cmn, ja)
  • capitre – chapter (sources: en, es, fr)
  • cat – roof (sources: hi, ar)
  • cinti – ant (sources: hi)
  • damiri – conscience (sources: sw, ar, hi)
  • damu – blood (sources: sw, ar, id)
  • dan – egg (sources: cmn)
  • dante – tooth (sources: hi, es, fr, id)
  • dau – dao, tao, The Way (the way of nature, the way to live one’s life, the art or skill of doing something in harmony with the essential nature of the thing) (sources: cmn, en, ar, id, ru, sw)
  • den – day (sources: ru, en, hi)
  • den can – birthday
  • den laste – yesterday
  • den tali – tomorrow
  • den tali do – day after tomorrow
  • dira – hole (sources: ru, hi)
  • distansia – distance (sources: es, ru, en, fr)
  • do kai – twice, two times
  • dor – door (sources: en, fr, hi, ja)
  • duan – smoke (sources: hi, ar, cmn)
  • dubu – bear (sources: sw, ar)
  • dunya – world (sources: ar, hi, id, sw)
  • elefan – elephant (sources: fr, en, es)
  • eni jen – anyone, anybody
  • eni ples – anywhere
  • eni tem – anytime
  • eni xos – anything (in positive sentences)
  • esprit – spirit (sources: en, es, fr)
  • estandar – standard (noun) (sources: es, fr, id, en, ja, ru)
  • estar – star (sources: en, fr, hi)
  • estasion – station (vehicle stop, broadcasting entity) (sources: es, fr, en, id, ru)
  • fen – wind (sources: cmn, fr)
  • fer – iron (sources: fr, es)
  • foresta – forest (sources: es, en, fr)
  • fortun – fortune, good luck N/Intj (sources: fr, cmn, en, es, ja, ru)
  • garaje – garage (place where cars are stored) (sources: ar, fr, ru, en, es, hi, id, ja, sw)
  • garima – dignity (sources: hi, ar, sw)
  • glas – glass (for drinking) (sources: en, hi, ar, id, ja, sw)
  • gras – grass (sources: en, es, hi, ja)
  • grasa – fat, grease (sources: es, en, fr, hi, sw)
  • gwanhua – Mandarin Chinese, Mandarin, Guanhua (sources: cmn, en, ru)
  • gwanhua estandari – Standard Mandarin, Standard Chinese
  • habin – property (habe+in)
  • haki – right, entitlement (sources: sw, ar, hi, id)
  • haki jen – human right, human rights
  • hatar – danger (sources: ar, sw)
  • hatora – hammer (sources: hi, en, ja)
  • hindi – Hindi N/Adj (sources: en, hi, id, ru, ar, cmn, es, fr, ja, sw)
  • hindisme, iman hindu – Hinduism (hindu+isme)
  • hindu – Hindu N/Adj (sources: en, hi, id, ar, es, fr, ja, ru, sw)
  • historia – history (sources: sw, en, es, fr, id, ru)
  • huo – fire (sources: cmn)
  • hurunes – freedom (huru+nes)
  • ikan – fish (sources: id, ja)
  • iman – faith, belief (sources: ar, hi, id, cmn, sw)
  • ingi kai – often, frequently, a lot
  • inin – shadow, shade (sources: cmn, ja)
  • isla – island (sources: es, en, fr, sw)
  • islam – Islam (sources: ar, en, es, fr, hi, id, ru, cmn, ja, sw)
  • jain – Jain, Jainist N/Adj (sources: ar, en, es, fr, hi, id, ja, ru, sw)
  • jainisme, iman jain – Jainism (jain+isme)
  • jaket – jacket (sources: ar, fr, id, ru, cmn, en, es, hi, ja, sw)
  • jangal – jungle (sources: hi, ar, en, es, fr, ja)
  • januar – January (sources: en, fr, hi, id, ru, sw)
  • jarines – courage (jari+nes)
  • jen – human being, man, person, human, -er (person who lives in or comes from a place) N/Adj (sources: cmn, fr, hi, ja)
  • jen ameriki – American (person living in or coming from the Americas)
  • jen andori – Andorran (person)
  • jen arabi – Arab, Arabian (person)
  • jen argentini – Argentine, Argentinian, Argentinean (person)
  • jen bolibi – Bolivian (person)
  • jen brasili – Brazilian (person)
  • jen budi – Buddhist (person)
  • jen ceski – Czech (person)
  • jen cili – Chilean (person)
  • jen cipe – Albanian (person)
  • jen doice – German (person)
  • jen ekwadori – Ecuadorian (person)
  • jen elin – Greek (person)
  • jen emeriki – American, US-American, U.S. American, US American (person)
  • jen espani – Spaniard
  • jen europi – European (person)
  • jen fransi – Frenchman, Frenchwoman
  • jen galegu – Galician (person)
  • jen hai – Armenian (person)
  • jen inglis – Englishman, Englishwoman
  • jen itali – Italian (person)
  • jen jongwo – Chinese (person)
  • jen katalan – Catalan (person)
  • jen kolombi – Colombian (person)
  • jen korei – Korean (person)
  • jen korei norte – North Korean (person)
  • jen korei sude – South Korean (person)
  • jen kristi – Christian (person)
  • jen majar – Hungarian (person)
  • jen mormoni – Mormon (believer)
  • jen nederlani – Dutchman, Dutchwoman
  • jen nihon – Japanese (person)
  • jen paragwai – Paraguayan (person)
  • jen peru – Peruvian (person)
  • jen poliski – Pole (person)
  • jen portuges – Portuguese (person)
  • jen ruski – Russian (person)
  • jen selo – villager
  • jen suomi – Finn (person)
  • jen trasi – trans person, transperson
  • jen trasjenisi – transgender, transgender person
  • jen turki – Turk
  • jen urugwai – Uruguayan (person)
  • jenis – gender, sex (sources: id, ar, en, sw)
  • jie – hunger (sources: cmn)
  • jilet – waistcoat, vest (North America), gilet (sources: ru, en, fr, ja)
  • judi – effort, trouble (sources: ar, cmn, sw)
  • kabra – goat (sources: es, id)
  • kaca – glass (substance) (sources: id, hi)
  • kada kai – every time
  • kai – time, occasion, instance (sources: ja, en, id)
  • kamar – room (sources: id, fr, hi)
  • kamar arko – vault (room)
  • kanisa – church (Christian house of worship or religious organization) (sources: ar, sw)
  • kanso – liver (sources: ja, cmn)
  • kat – cat (sources: en, ar, es, fr, ru)
  • kata – word (sources: id, ar, hi, ja)
  • kau – cow, bull (sources: en)
  • kaus – bow (sources: ar)
  • kaus sora – rainbow
  • ke jen – who, whom, which person
  • ke ples – where
  • ke tem – when
  • ke xos – what, which thing
  • kika – brother, sister, sibling (sources: ar, id, sw)
  • kikanes – brotherhood, sisterhood, siblinghood, siblingship (kika+nes)
  • kofi – coffee (sources: en, hi, cmn, es, fr, id, ja, ru)
  • kolor – color, colour (sources: es, en, fr, ru)
  • kombineria – junction (place where roads or rails etc. converge) (kombin+eria)
  • komonte – hill (ko+monte)
  • kor – heart (sources: fr, es, ja)
  • korde – string (also of musical instruments), cord, rope (sources: en, fr, es, hi)
  • korten – curtain (sources: en, es, id, ja, ru)
  • kosta – shore, coast, bank (sources: es, en, fr)
  • kosta lago – lakeshore, shore, bank (of a lake)
  • kosta mar – seashore, seacoast, shore, coast (of the sea)
  • kosta rika – riverbank, bank, shore (of a river)
  • kostruin – building, edifice, construction (structure) (kostrui+in)
  • kotoke – watch (timepiece) (ko+toke)
  • kristisme – Christianity (Kristo+isme)
  • kubi – neck (sources: ja, fr)
  • kulin – food (kula+in)
  • kulin kat – cat food
  • kuni – country, land (sources: ja, en)
  • kuriosnes – curiosity (kurios+nes)
  • kuste – bush, shrub (sources: ru, fr)
  • lago – lake (sources: es, fr, id)
  • liba – fence (sources: cmn)
  • liba kuste – hedge
  • linya – line (sources: en, es, fr, ru)
  • lomri – fox (sources: hi)
  • luga – language (sources: ar, sw, cmn, es)
  • luna – moon (sources: es, ru, en, fr)
  • mabaca – boy (ma+baca)
  • mabet – son (ma+bet)
  • makau – bull (ma+kau)
  • makika – brother (ma+kika)
  • malo kai – seldom, rarely, infrequently
  • mama – mother (sources: cmn, ja, ru, sw, hi)
  • man, majen – man (ma+jen) (sources: en, hi)
  • mano – hand (sources: es, en, fr, sw)
  • manto – cloak, mantle (sources: es, fr, ja, ru, en, id)
  • mar – sea (sources: es, ar, fr, ru)
  • maraji – king (ma+raji)
  • marda – disease, illness, sickness (sources: ar, fr, hi, sw)
  • margarita – daisy (sources: es, fr, ru)
  • mas kai – again, another time
  • mat – mat (sources: en, ru, fr, ja)
  • mat glas – coaster, drink coaster, beermat, beer mat
  • mes – month (sources: es, fr, hi, ru, sw)
  • mesa – table (sources: es, sw, hi, id)
  • milke – milk (sources: en, ja, ru)
  • minut – minute (unit of time or angular measure) (sources: fr, en, es, hi, id, ru)
  • mira – mirror (sources: ar, en, fr, hi)
  • monte – mountain (sources: es, en, fr)
  • mormonisme – Mormonism (Mormon+isme)
  • mun – mouth (sources: hi)
  • muslim – Muslim N/Adj (sources: ar, hi, id, cmn, en, es, fr, ja, ru, sw)
  • muxa – fly (insect) (sources: fr, ru)
  • nait – night (sources: en, ar, hi)
  • nam – name (sources: hi, en, fr, id, ja)
  • nasion – nation (sources: es, fr, en, ru)
  • natur – nature (sources: fr, en, es, ru)
  • neste – nest (sources: en, ja)
  • nihon, luga nihon – Japanese, Japanese language (=nihon)
  • no jen – no one, nobody, anyone, anybody (in negated sentences)
  • no ples – nowhere, anywhere (in negated sentences)
  • no tem – never
  • no xos – nothing, anything (in negated sentences)
  • norte – north, northern N/Adj (sources: en, es, fr, ru)
  • nos – nose (sources: en, ru)
  • nuru – light (noun) (sources: sw, ar)
  • nyen – year (sources: cmn, ja)
  • nyen laste – last year
  • ol jen – everyone, everybody
  • ol ples – everywhere
  • ol tem – always
  • ol xos – everything
  • ore – ear (sources: fr, es)
  • oro – gold (sources: es, fr, ja)
  • otra jen – someone else, another person
  • otra ples – somewhere else, elsewhere
  • paja – thigh (sources: sw, id, ru)
  • pati – leaf (sources: hi, sw)
  • pica – picture (sources: sw, en)
  • plafon – ceiling (sources: fr, id)
  • plafon arko – vault (ceiling)
  • ples – place (sources: en, fr)
  • plesir – pleasure (sources: fr, en, es)
  • poket – pocket (sources: en, ja)
  • politi – politics, policy (sources: id, en, es, fr, hi, ja, ru)
  • pyas – thirst (sources: hi)
  • rabit – rabbit (sources: en)
  • raji – king, queen, monarch (sources: hi, id)
  • ramarama – butterfly (sources: id, ar)
  • rasa – race (of animals or people) (sources: es, ru, en, fr, id)
  • rason – reason (rational thinking) (sources: es, en, fr, ru)
  • rel – rail (sources: en, hi, id, es, fr, ja, ru, sw)
  • relasi – relationship, relation (sources: id, en, es, fr)
  • religia – religion (sources: en, es, fr, ru)
  • ren – rain (sources: en, hi)
  • rika – river (sources: en, es, ru)
  • rosa – rose (sources: es, ru, en, fr)
  • ruma – house (sources: id, ja, sw)
  • safirja – traveller, traveler (safir+ja)
  • sama tem – at the same time, simultaneously, at once
  • san – Mr., Mrs, Mrs., Mr, Miss, mister (sources: ja)
  • sande – sand (sources: en, fr, ja)
  • sehat – health (sources: hi, ar, id)
  • sekunde – second (unit of time or angular measure) (sources: sw, en, es, fr, hi, id, ru)
  • sel – salt (sources: fr, en, es, ru)
  • selo – village (sources: ru, cmn, es)
  • serondaje – surroundings (seronde+aje)
  • serpen – snake, serpent (sources: fr, en, es, hi)
  • si den – today
  • si ples – here
  • si tem – now
  • silensio – silence (sources: es, en, fr)
  • sima – top (sources: es, ar, fr)
  • situasi – situation, status, state of affairs (sources: id, en, es, fr, ru)
  • slafe – Slav (sources: ar, en, fr, es, hi, sw)
  • sol – sun (sources: es, fr, ru)
  • sora – sky (sources: ja, ar)
  • sosiete – society (sources: fr, en, es)
  • suar – pig (sources: hi)
  • suba – morning (sources: hi, ar)
  • sude – south, southern N/Adj (sources: es, fr, ru)
  • sukar – sugar (sources: ar, en, es, fr, hi, id, ru, sw)
  • suomi, luga suomi – Finnish, Finnish language
  • suses – success (sources: id, en, fr)
  • ta ples – there, over there
  • ta tem – then, at that time
  • talju – snow (sources: ar, id, sw)
  • tam – taste, flavor, flavour (sources: ar)
  • tem – time (sources: fr, en, es, hi)
  • tipe – type, sort, kind (sources: fr, ru, en, es)
  • tobu – head (sources: cmn, ja)
  • tofa – apple (sources: sw, ar)
  • toke – clock, watch, timepiece (sources: ja)
  • topi – hat (sources: hi, id, ja)
  • trasman – trans man (tras+man)
  • traswanita – trans woman (tras+wanita)
  • tren – train (series of connected vehicles) (sources: en, es, fr, hi, ja, sw)
  • troglodit – wren (sources: taxo)
  • uma – horse (sources: ja, cmn, id)
  • un kai – once, one time
  • un mas kai – again, another time, once more
  • uniberso – universe (sources: es, en, fr)
  • urdu – Urdu N/Adj (sources: ar, es, fr, hi, id, ru, cmn, en, ja, sw)
  • wadi – valley (sources: ar, en, hi, ja)
  • wanita, wejen – woman (we+jen) (sources: id, ar, hi)
  • wata – water (sources: en, hi, ru)
  • webaca – girl (we+baca)
  • webet – daughter (we+bet)
  • wekau – cow (female) (we+kau)
  • wekika – sister (we+kika)
  • weraji – queen (we+raji)
  • xamba – field (also area of study and as used in physics, sports and warfare) (sources: sw, fr)
  • xen – chain (sources: fr, cmn, en, ja)
  • xie kai – sometimes
  • xita – tongue (sources: ja, cmn, id)
  • xiti – corpse (sources: cmn, ja, sw)
  • xos – thing (sources: fr, es)
  • xuan – dog (sources: hi, cmn, es, fr)
  • yehudi – Jew, Jewish N/Adj (sources: he, ar, es, hi, id, ru, sw)
  • yehudisme – Judaism (yehudi+isme)
  • yen – eye (sources: cmn, hi)
  • yo jen – people
  • yo kau – cattle
  • yujen – youth, child (a child or young adult) (yu+jen)
  • yukau – calf (yu+kau)
  • yuma – foal (yu+uma)
  • yuman – youth, young man, boy (mostly used for teenagers and young adults) (yu+man)
  • yusuar – piglet (yu+suar)
  • yuwanita – young woman, girl (mostly used for teenagers and young adults) (yu+wanita)

Proper nouns

  • Amasonas – Amazon (river) (sources: es, pt, sw, en, fr, hi, id, ja, ru)
  • Amerika, yo Amerika – Americas (the), America (North and South America together) (sources: es, hi, id, ru, sw, ar, cmn, en, fr, ja)
  • Andora – Andorra (sources: ca, en, es, hi, id, ja, ru, sw, ar, fr)
  • Argentina – Argentina (sources: id, ru, sw, ar, cmn, en, es, fr, hi, ja)
  • Bolibia – Bolivia (sources: ar, cmn, en, es, fr, hi, id, ja, ru, sw)
  • Brasil – Brazil (sources: es, hi, id, pt, ar, cmn, en, fr, ja, ru, sw)
  • Buda – Buddha (title of Siddhārtha Gautama, sometimes also used for other enlightened persons) (sources: ar, en, es, fr, ja, ru, sw, cmn, hi, id)
  • Bumi – Earth (sources: hi, id)
  • Cesko – Czechia, Czech Republic (sources: cs, fr, id, ja)
  • Cile – Chile (sources: en, es, sw, ar, cmn, fr, hi, id, ja, ru)
  • Ciperia – Albania (cipe+eria)
  • Doicelan – Germany (doice+lan)
  • Ekwador – Ecuador (sources: ar, es, hi, cmn, en, fr, id, ja, ru, sw)
  • Elada – Greece (sources: el, ru)
  • Emerika – USA, America, United States, U.S., US (sources: en, ar, hi, ja, ru)
  • Espanya – Spain (sources: es, ar, cmn, en, fr, hi, id, ru, sw)
  • Europa – Europe (sources: ar, en, es, fr, hi, id, ja, ru)
  • Franse – France (sources: en, fr, hi, ar, es, id, ja, ru, sw)
  • Galisia – Galicia (region of Spain and former kingdom) (sources: es, gl, id, ru, ar, cmn, en, fr, hi, ja, sw)
  • Haiastan – Armenia (hai+astan)
  • Inglan – England (sources: cmn, en, es, hi, id, ja, ru)
  • Italya – Italy (sources: es, it, ar, cmn, en, fr, hi, id, ja, ru, sw)
  • Jongwo – China (sources: cmn)
  • Katalunya – Catalonia (sources: ar, ca, es, cmn, en, fr, hi, id, ja, ru, sw)
  • Kolombia – Colombia (sources: ar, id, sw, en, es, fr, hi, ja, ru)
  • Korea – Korea (sources: es, id, sw, ar, en, fr, hi, ja, ru)
  • Korea Norte – North Korea
  • Korea Sude – South Korea
  • Krismas, Can Kristo – Christmas (sources: hi, en, ja, sw)
  • Kristo – Christ (title of Jesus) (sources: es, sw, en, fr, hi, id, ja, ru)
  • Majarorsa – Hungary (sources: ar, hu)
  • Mormon – Mormon (prophet) (sources: es, fr, id, ru, ar, cmn, en, hi, ja, sw)
  • Nederlan – Netherlands (sources: cmn, en, hi, ja, nl, ru)
  • Nihon – Japan (sources: ja)
  • Paragwai – Paraguay (sources: es, ar, cmn, en, fr, hi, id, ja, ru, sw)
  • Paska – Easter (sources: id, es, fr, ru, sw)
  • Peru – Peru (sources: en, es, fr, hi, id, ja, ru, sw, ar)
  • Poliska – Poland (sources: es, id, pl, ru)
  • Portugal – Portugal (sources: es, fr, id, ar, en, hi, ja, pt, ru)
  • Rusia – Russia (sources: ar, es, id, en, fr, hi, ja, ru, sw)
  • Suomi – Finland (sources: fi)
  • Turkie – Turkey (sources: ar, cmn, en, es, fr, hi, id, ru, sw, tr)
  • Urugwai – Uruguay (sources: es, ar, en, fr, hi, id, ja, ru, sw)
  • Yesu, Yesu Kristo – Jesus, Jesus Christ (sources: cmn, sw, ar, en, es, fr, hi, id, ja)

Adjectives

  • abribi – open, opened (abri+bi)
  • adil – just, fair, equitable (sources: ar, id, sw)
  • alkoli – drunk (alkol+i)
  • ameriki – American (related to the Americas) (Amerika+i)
  • anda – blind (sources: hi, ar)
  • andera – dark (sources: hi)
  • andori – Andorran (adjective) (Andora+i)
  • arabi – Arabic, Arab, Arabian (adjective, language) (sources: ar, cmn, en, es, fr, hi, id, ja, ru, sw)
  • argentini – Argentine, Argentinian, Argentinean (adjective) (Argentina+i)
  • asam – deaf (sources: ar)
  • asan – easy (sources: hi, ar, id)
  • awani – cloudy (awan+i)
  • bai – white (sources: cmn, ar, en)
  • baridi – cold (sources: sw, ar, hi)
  • bati – slow (sources: ar)
  • baugwobi – wrapped (baugwo+bi)
  • baya – evil (sources: sw, es, hi)
  • berat – heavy (sources: id, hi)
  • blu – blue (sources: en, sw, fr, id)
  • bolibi – Bolivian (adjective) (Bolibia+i)
  • bota – bald (sources: id, en)
  • brasili – Brazilian (adjective) (Brasil+i)
  • budi – Buddhist (adjective) (Buda+i)
  • buni – brown (sources: ar, fr, hi, ru)
  • bura – bad (sources: hi, cmn, id, sw)
  • ceski – Czech (adjective, language) Adj/N (Cesko+i)
  • cili – Chilean (adjective) (Cile+i)
  • cipe – Albanian (adjective, language) Adj/N (sources: sq)
  • cisjenisi – cisgender (cis+jenis+i)
  • comasai – burning (coma+sai)
  • daki – clever, smart, intelligent, bright (sources: ar)
  • debil – weak, feeble (sources: es, fr, hi)
  • desnari – decimal (des+nari)
  • dessisnari – hexadecimal (des sis+nari)
  • diferai – different (diferi+ai)
  • difisil – difficult (sources: es, fr, en)
  • distansi – far, distant (distansia+i)
  • doice – German (adjective, language) Adj/N (sources: de, ja)
  • donari – binary (do+nari)
  • dulse – sweet (sources: es, fr)
  • duni – global, worldwide (dunya+i)
  • ekwadori – Ecuadorian (adjective) (Ekwador+i)
  • elin – Greek (adjective, language) Adj/N (sources: el)
  • emeriki – American, US-American, U.S. American, US American, U.S., US (adjective) (Emerika+i)
  • epe – thick, fat (sources: fr, es, sw)
  • esata – exact, precise (sources: es, fr)
  • espani – Spanish (adjective, language) Adj/N (Espanya+i)
  • espesial – special (sources: es, fr, en, ru)
  • estandari – standard (adjective) (estandar+i)
  • estrani – strange, weird, funny, odd (sources: ru, en, es, fr)
  • europi – European (adjective) (Europa+i)
  • fahur – proud (sources: ar, sw)
  • femin – female, feminine (sources: en, es, fr, id)
  • fidel – loyal, faithful (sources: fr, en, es)
  • fina – thin, fine (sources: es, en, fr)
  • finai – final, last, ultimate (fini+ai)
  • fortuni – lucky, fortunate (fortun+i)
  • fransi – French (adjective, language) Adj/N (Franse+i)
  • galegu – Galician (adjective, language) Adj/N (sources: gl, es)
  • gali – expensive (sources: ar, sw)
  • garam – hot, warm (sources: hi, ru)
  • gau – high, tall (sources: cmn)
  • glupi – stupid (sources: ru, en)
  • gran – big, large, great (sources: es, fr)
  • grasi – fat, corpulent (grasa+i)
  • gratis – free of charge, gratis, free (sources: en, es, id, fr)
  • gri – gray (sources: fr, en, es, ru)
  • hafabal – scary, frightening, fearful (hafa+bal)
  • hafasai – afraid, scared, frightened (hafa+sai)
  • hai – Armenian (adjective, language) Adj/N (sources: hy)
  • hakim – wise (sources: ar)
  • halka – light (not heavy) (sources: hi)
  • hamil – pregnant (sources: ar, id)
  • han – Han, Han Chinese, Chinese (group of languages, writing system) Adj/N (sources: ar, cmn, en, hi, ru, sw, es, fr, id, ja)
  • hapi – happy (sources: en, ar)
  • hara – green (sources: hi, ar)
  • hatari – dangerous (hatar+i)
  • hau – good (sources: cmn)
  • hiroi – wide (sources: ja, ru)
  • histori – historical (historia+i)
  • horisontal – horizontal (sources: id, en, es, fr, ru)
  • huru – free (sources: sw, ar)
  • igwal – equal (sources: es, en, fr)
  • inda – beautiful (sources: id, es, hi)
  • inglis – English (adjective, language) Adj/N (sources: ar, en, es, hi, id, ru)
  • interesi – interesting (interesa+i)
  • internasioni – international (inter+nasioni)
  • islami – Islamic, Muslim (islam+i)
  • itali – Italian (adjective, language) Adj/N (Italya+i)
  • ixisai – alive, living (ixi+sai)
  • jari – brave, valiant, courageous (sources: ar, ru, sw)
  • jele – ugly (sources: id, fr)
  • jenti – kind, gentle, nice (sources: fr, en, es, ru)
  • ji – hungry (jie+i)
  • jidausai – aware, conscious (of something), knowing (jidau+sai)
  • jongwo – Chinese (referring to the country/region or its inhabitants) (=Jongwo)
  • kadim – old (not new) (sources: ar)
  • kadim kadim, ingi kadim – ancient, very old
  • kala – black (sources: hi)
  • kali – empty (sources: hi)
  • kara – hard (sources: hi, en, id, ja)
  • karibe – near, close, nearby (adjective) (sources: ar, hi)
  • karwa – bitter (sources: hi)
  • kaslan – lazy (sources: ar, cmn, id)
  • katalan – Catalan (adjective, language) Adj/N (sources: es, fr, hi, ar, ca, en, id, ja, ru, sw)
  • kawi – strong, hefty (sources: ar)
  • kiri – left (not right) (sources: id, ja)
  • kogaram – warm (ko+garam)
  • kolombi – Colombian (adjective) (Kolombia+i)
  • kom ta – such, like that
  • komun – common (sources: es, fr, en)
  • korei – Korean (adjective, language) Adj/N (Korea+i)
  • korei norte – North Korean (adjective)
  • korei sude – South Korean (adjective)
  • korta – short (sources: es, en, hi)
  • kosilensi – quiet (ko+silensi)
  • kristi – Christian (adjective) (Kristo+i)
  • kruda – raw, crude (sources: es, en, fr)
  • kurios – curious (sources: fr, en, es, ru)
  • kusarli – rotten, spoilt, spoiled, decayed, gone bad (kusar+li)
  • lain – soft (sources: ar, sw)
  • lal – red (sources: hi)
  • laste – last (sources: en, id)
  • lela – tired (sources: id, cmn)
  • lon – long (sources: en, fr)
  • lugamun – Lugamun Adj/N
  • majar – Hungarian (adjective, language) Adj/N (sources: ar, hu)
  • majunun – crazy, mad, insane (sources: ar, sw)
  • mal – male, masculine (sources: fr, en, es, hi)
  • mali – small, little (sources: ru, en)
  • mara – angry (sources: id, hi)
  • mardi – ill, sick (marda+i)
  • mas hau – better
  • matiga – mortal (mati+ga)
  • matili – dead (mati+li)
  • maxuhur – famous (sources: ar, hi, sw)
  • miskin – poor (sources: ar, id, sw)
  • mormoni – Mormon (adjective) (Mormon+i)
  • muhim – important (sources: ar, sw)
  • musin – old (not young) (sources: ar)
  • mut – mute (sources: en, es, fr, hi)
  • nagoi – naked (sources: ru, hi)
  • nasioni – national (nasion+i)
  • naturi – natural (natur+i)
  • naya – new, fresh (sources: hi, en, sw)
  • nederlani – Dutch (adjective, language) Adj/N (Nederlan+i)
  • nedonari – non-binary (ne+donari)
  • neordiner – extraordinary, unusual, uncommon (ne+ordiner)
  • nica – low, short (in height) (sources: hi)
  • nidebi – necessary, needed, required (nide+bi)
  • nihon – Japanese (adjective) (=Nihon)
  • niraxe – disappointed (sources: hi)
  • notabal – remarkable, notable (nota+bal)
  • nukila – sharp (sources: hi, cmn)
  • nulisbi – written (nulis+bi)
  • nuri – bright, light (nuru+i)
  • ordiner – ordinary, usual, normal, common (sources: fr, en, es)
  • paragwai – Paraguayan (adjective) (=Paragwai)
  • penu – full (sources: id, es, fr)
  • peru – Peruvian (adjective) (=Peru)
  • pinhua – smooth (sources: cmn)
  • pla – flat (sources: fr, en, es)
  • poliski – Polish Adj/N (Poliska+i)
  • politai – political (politi+ai)
  • portuges – Portuguese (adjective, language) Adj/N (sources: es, fr, pt, en, id, ru)
  • poswan – late (after the expected time) (pos+wan)
  • profon – deep, profound (sources: fr, en, es)
  • pyasi – thirsty (pyas+i)
  • rahababi – welcome (adjective) (rahaba+bi)
  • rahis – cheap (sources: ar, sw)
  • rani – early (sources: ru, id)
  • real – real, actual (sources: es, en, fr, id, ru)
  • respeti – respectful (respeta+i)
  • ronde – round (sources: fr, en, es)
  • rosori – pink (rosa+ori)
  • ruski – Russian (adjective, language) Adj/N (sources: ru, ar, en, es, fr, hi, id)
  • safi – clean (sources: sw, hi)
  • safra – yellow (sources: ar, hi)
  • sahi – true, correct (sources: ar, hi)
  • sal – dirty (sources: fr, cmn)
  • sari – fast, quick, rapid, swift (sources: ar, ru)
  • sedi – sad (sources: id, en)
  • sehati – healthy (sehat+i)
  • seli – salty (sel+i)
  • semai – narrow (sources: ja, id)
  • sen – holy (sources: fr, cmn, ja)
  • sida – straight (not bent) (sources: hi)
  • sikrit – secret Adj/N (sources: en, ar, es, fr, ru, sw)
  • silensi – silent, quiet (silensio+i)
  • similar – similar (sources: es, en, fr)
  • simple – simple, uncomplicated (sources: es, fr, en)
  • slafi – Slavic (slafe+i)
  • sola – only, sole, unique, single (sources: es, en, fr)
  • sosieti – social (sosiete+i)
  • suden – sudden (sources: fr, en)
  • suimini – sleepy (suimin+i)
  • suka – dry (sources: hi, es, fr)
  • suomi – Finnish (adjective) (=Suomi)
  • susesi – successful (suses+i)
  • swan – sour (sources: cmn)
  • tali – next (sources: ar)
  • tami – delicious, yummy, tasty (tam+i)
  • tari – rich (sources: ar, hi, sw)
  • tayar – ready (sources: hi, sw)
  • trasi – trans*, trans (tras+i)
  • trasjenisi – transgender (property) (tras+jenis+i)
  • trinari – ternary (tri+nari)
  • turki – Turkish (adjective, language) Adj/N (Turkie+i)
  • unibersi – universal (uniberso+i)
  • unnari – unary (un+nari)
  • urugwai – Uruguayan (adjective) (=Urugwai)
  • wan – late (near the end of a day or other period of time) (sources: cmn)
  • xime – wet (sources: cmn, ja)
  • yamin – right (not left) (sources: ar, hi)
  • yuni – young (sources: ru, en)
  • yuyo – useful (sources: ja, cmn)

Adverbs

  • baru – just (recently) (sources: id, ja)
  • gengen – together (gen+gen)
  • kasi – almost (sources: es, fr, ar)
  • kixa – then, soon after (sources: sw)
  • ku esata – exactly, precisely, just Adv/Intj
  • ku fauka – up, above (adverb)
  • ku finai – finally, at last, in the end, ultimately, last
  • ku fortuni – luckily, fortunately
  • ku hau – well
  • ku jenti – kindly, gently, please
  • ku karibe – near, nearby (adverb)
  • ku kawi – strongly, hard
  • ku naturi – naturally, of course
  • ku real – really, actually, indeed
  • ku sahi – truly, really, indeed
  • ku sari – quickly, fast, rapidly, swiftly
  • ku suden – suddenly
  • kwai – soon, be about to (sources: cmn)
  • nini – inside, within (ni+ni)
  • olredi – already (sources: en)
  • pia – also, too (sources: sw, id)
  • por ke – why
  • por ta – therefore, hence, thus, so, consequently, as a result, accordingly
  • pospos – afterwards, afterward, after, later, since (pos+pos)
  • prepre – before, earlier (pre+pre)
  • rubama – perhaps, maybe (sources: ar)
  • susu – down, below, downwards, downward (su+su)
  • yexo – still, yet (sources: ru, en)

Verbs

  • abar – cross (go from one side to the other) (sources: ar, ja)
  • abri – open (verb) (sources: es, fr)
  • ajiba – wonder, marvel, be astonished, be amazed, astonishment, amazement V/N (sources: ar, sw)
  • aliki – hang, hang up (sources: sw, ar)
  • ama – love (sources: es, ar)
  • aprende – learn (sources: es, fr)
  • arsal – send (sources: ar)
  • asra – hurry, rush, hasten, haste V/N (sources: ar)
  • ban – become (sources: hi)
  • ban hau – improve, become better, become good
  • ban jidausai – realize, realise, become aware, (something) occurs to (one), (something) comes to (one’s) mind
  • ban lal – redden, become red
  • ban lela – tire, become tired
  • banju – help (sources: cmn, id)
  • baugwo – wrap (sources: cmn)
  • bece – sell (sources: hi)
  • bi can – be born
  • bria – shine, glow V/N (sources: es, fr, id, ru)
  • busu – kiss (sources: sw, ar, es)
  • can – give birth, bear, birth V/N (sources: cmn, hi)
  • cange – sing (sources: cmn, fr)
  • cien – delay, postpone, put off, defer, postponement, deferment V/N (sources: cmn, ja)
  • coma – burn V/N (sources: sw, es)
  • cuan – wear, have on (clothes and such) (sources: cmn)
  • cuci – wash (sources: id, cmn)
  • cui – blow (sources: cmn)
  • cuma – pick, gather (sources: sw, hi, ja)
  • cura – steal (sources: hi, es, id)
  • da – give (sources: es, ru, hi)
  • dansa – dance V/N (sources: es, en, fr, ja, ru, sw)
  • deklara – declare, declaration V/N (sources: es, en, fr, ru)
  • deskribi – describe (sources: es, en, fr)
  • diferi – differ, difference V/N (sources: es, en, fr)
  • diskuti – discuss, argue, dispute, discussion, argument V/N (sources: es, en, fr, ru)
  • distingi – distinguish, distinction V/N (sources: es, en, fr)
  • emerje – appear, emerge, show up, turn up, appearance, emergence V/N (sources: fr, en, es)
  • entre – enter (sources: fr, en, es)
  • estre – extract, draw (e.g. water or a weapon), pull out, take out, withdraw (e.g. money) (sources: fr, en, es)
  • fa – do, make (sources: ar, fr, ru, sw)
  • fa hau – improve, make better, make good
  • fa lal – redden, make red
  • fa lela – tire, make tired
  • fa niraxe – disappoint, let down, underwhelm
  • fa silensi – silence, make silent
  • fa tu ajiba – astonish, amaze, astound, flabbergast
  • fanci – quit, give up, abandon, desist, relinquish (sources: cmn)
  • fikir – think, thought, thinking V/N (sources: ar, id, sw)
  • fini – end, finish, terminate, ending V/N (sources: fr, en, es)
  • finu cuan – take off, stop wearing
  • go – go (sources: en)
  • habe – have, possess, there is, there are, there be (when used without a subject) (sources: en, fr)
  • hafa – fear, be afraid (of), be scared (of) V/N (sources: ar, cmn, sw)
  • hatorusa – hammer, use a hammer (on) (hatora+usa)
  • interesa – interest V/N (sources: es, en, fr, ru)
  • ita – call V/N (sources: sw, es)
  • ixi – live, life V/N (sources: sw, es)
  • janli – stand (sources: cmn)
  • jidau – know, knowledge V/N (sources: cmn)
  • kaixi – begin, start, commence, initiate, beginning V/N (sources: cmn, ja)
  • kaixu cuan – put on, don, begin to wear
  • kaixu janli – stand up, get up, stand
  • kaixu side – sit down
  • kamu – bite (sources: ja, hi)
  • katu – cut (sources: ar, en, hi, ja, sw)
  • keso – cough (sources: cmn)
  • klaim – claim (sources: id, en)
  • kombin – combine, join, combination, junction (act of combining/joining) V/N (sources: fr, en, es, ru)
  • komiru – glance, glimpse, peep V/N (ko+miru)
  • kompensa – compensate, make up (for), compensation V/N (sources: es, en, fr, ru)
  • komprende – understand, comprehend, understanding, comprehension V/N (sources: es, fr, en)
  • komunika – communicate, communication V/N (sources: es, en, fr, id)
  • konfesa – confess, concede, acknowledge, admit, confession, concession, acknowledgment, acknowledgement, admission V/N (sources: es, en, fr)
  • konside – consider, consideration, ponder, reflect, think over V/N (sources: en, es, fr)
  • konta – count (sources: es, en, fr)
  • kontinu – continue, go on, proceed, continuation V/N (sources: en, es, fr)
  • kostrui – build, construct, building, construction (process) V/N (sources: en, es, fr, ru)
  • kubali – agree, consent, accede, agreement V/N (sources: sw)
  • kula – eat (sources: sw, ar, hi, ru)
  • kusar – rot, spoil, decay, decompose, go bad, become rotten V/N (sources: ja, hi)
  • lai – come (sources: cmn)
  • lari – run (sources: id, ar, fr)
  • leta – bring (sources: sw, es, hi)
  • mai – buy (sources: cmn, en)
  • main – play (sources: id, cmn)
  • mati – die, death V/N (sources: id, ar, es)
  • maxa – walk (sources: ar, fr)
  • minta – request, ask for V/N (sources: id)
  • miru – see, look, watch, view, look at (sources: ja, es)
  • naje – swim (sources: fr, es)
  • naku – cry, weep (sources: ja, ar, cmn)
  • namda – name, give a name to, give the name … to (nam+da)
  • nemerje – disappear, vanish, disappearance V/N (ne+emerje)
  • nide – need, require (sources: en)
  • noku – knock V/N (sources: en, ja)
  • nomu – drink (sources: ja, es)
  • nota – notice, note, remark V/N (sources: es, en, fr, sw)
  • nulis – write (sources: id, ru)
  • olbida – forget (sources: es, ru)
  • opin – opine, think (be of the opinion that), opinion V/N (sources: fr, en, es)
  • otene – get, obtain (sources: es, fr)
  • paga – pay (sources: es, ar, en)
  • pasa – pass, go by (sources: es, en, fr, sw)
  • prebeni – prevent, forestall, hinder, avert, ward off, keep out, prevention V/N (sources: es, en, fr)
  • proba – try, attempt, taste V/N (sources: es, id, ru)
  • rabota – work (sources: ru, es)
  • rahaba – welcome (act, interjection) V/N/Intj (sources: ar)
  • respeta – respect V/N (sources: es, en, fr)
  • ruka – jump, leap V/N (sources: sw, es)
  • safir – travel, journey, trip V/N (sources: ar, sw)
  • segi – follow (sources: es, cmn, ru)
  • senti – feel, sense (sources: es, fr, en)
  • seronde – surround (sources: en, es)
  • side – sit (sources: ru, en)
  • sika – teach (sources: hi)
  • soma – read (sources: sw, ja)
  • suimin – sleep V/N (sources: ja, cmn)
  • sun – hear, listen (to) (sources: hi)
  • tara – fly (act) (sources: ar, id)
  • taua – fold (sources: ar, ja)
  • tenda – act, action, deed V/N (sources: sw, id)
  • tinji – stop, halt V/N (sources: cmn)
  • toma – take (sources: es, ja, sw)
  • tombe – fall, fall down, come down (sources: fr, id)
  • usa – use, apply, employ, utilise, utilize, make use (of), employment, utilisation, utilization V/N (sources: es, en, fr)
  • watada – water, give water to (wata+da)
  • weka – put, place (sources: sw, ar, id)
  • wen – ask (sources: cmn)
  • xasi, fa tu mati – kill (sources: cmn)
  • xi susesi – succeed, be successful, manage (to do something)
  • xiau – laugh (sources: cmn)
  • xiende – seem, look, appear, look like (sources: cmn)
  • xukur – thank, thanks, thank you V/N/Intj (sources: ar, sw)
  • xuo – speak, say, talk, speech, converse, conversation V/N (sources: cmn)
  • yau – want, desire V/N (sources: cmn, id)

Auxiliary verbs

  • ba debe – should, ought
  • bisa – can, may, be able to (sources: id, sw)
  • debe – must, have to, duty, obligation Aux/N (sources: es, cmn)
  • finu – end, finish, terminate (auxiliary version of ‘fini’) (fini+u)
  • kaixu – begin, start, commence, initiate (auxiliary version of ‘kaixi’) (kaixi+u)

Particles

  • ba – would (marks the irrealis: something that is uncertain or doubtful) (sources: ja, ru)
  • bi – be …-ed (forms the passive voice) (sources: en, cmn, id, ru)
  • du – (marks commands and requests, like Go! or Let’s do it!) (sources: en)
  • ga – will, shall (indicates the future tense) (sources: hi, ar, es, fr, sw)
  • i – (optional subject marker) (sources: ko)
  • ka – yes-no (added at the end of statements to turn them into yes-no questions) (sources: id, ja, ar, cmn, hi)
  • ku – -ly (turns adjectives into adverbs) (sources: ja, hi)
  • li – -ed (indicates the past tense) (sources: ru, sw, es, hi)
  • li ba – would have (marks counterfactuals: something that can no longer become true)
  • na – (indicates the present tense) (sources: sw)
  • sai – be …-ing (marks the progressive aspect) (sources: cmn)
  • tu – to, -ing (marks the infinitive or gerund: to dance/dancing) (sources: en, id, ru, sw)

Quantifiers

  • ingi – many, much, a lot, very, so (sources: sw, ru)
  • kam – how much, how many, how (degree) (sources: ar)
  • malo – few, little, a little (sources: ru, hi)
  • mas – more, -er (used as quantifier and in comparisons), another (one more), other, others (more), on, keep (before verbs: continue doing) (sources: es)
  • mas … mas … – the (in: the … the …), the more … the more …
  • men – less, fewer (sources: es, fr, ru)
  • no – not, no, be not, am not, are not, is not (negated copula) Quant/V (sources: es, en, fr, hi, ru)
  • ol – all, wholly, entirely, fully, totally, quite (sources: en)
  • ol do – both
  • ol mas – most, -est (superlative)
  • ol men – least
  • sugi – too, too much, too many (sources: ja)
  • tan – as, as much, as many, so (sources: es, ru)
  • un mas – another, one more
  • xi – yes, indeed, be, am, are, is (copula) Quant/V (sources: cmn, ar, es, fr)
  • xie – some (a certain number or part of), somewhat (sources: cmn)
  • yo – -s, -es (optional plural marker) (sources: hi, ru)

Selectors

  • aru – certain, some (sources: ja)
  • eni – any, whichever (sources: en, ja)
  • kada – every, each, either (sources: es, ja, ru, sw)
  • ke – what, who, that, which, whom (sources: es, fr, cmn)
  • otra – other, another (sources: es, ar, fr, hi)
  • sama – same (sources: id, en, sw)
  • si – this, these (sources: cmn, fr, sw)
  • ta – that, those (sources: ru, ar, cmn, hi)

Pronouns

  • de mi, mi – my
  • it – it (sources: en, fr, id, ru)
  • le – they, them (sources: fr, en, hi)
  • mi – I, me (sources: en, ar, es, fr, hi, ru, sw)
  • nas – we, us (sources: ru, ar, en, es)
  • no eni – none, not any
  • on – one, you (impersonal, generic) (sources: fr, en)
  • sem – myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves, oneself (used reflexively and for emphasis) (sources: ru, en, es, fr)
  • ti – you (singular) (sources: es, ru, ar, cmn, fr, hi)
  • tum – you (plural) (sources: hi, ar)
  • unotra – each other, one another (un+otra)
  • ya – he, she (sources: hi, ar, cmn, es, id, ja)
  • yan – one, the one (impersonal pronoun) (sources: id, en)

Numbers

  • siro – zero (sources: en, ar, es, fr, ja, sw)
  • aual – first (sources: ar, hi)
  • un – one, first (sources: es, fr)
  • do – two, second (sources: fr, hi, es)
  • tri – three, third (sources: en, hi, ru, es, fr)
  • katre – four, fourth (sources: fr, es, hi)
  • tano – five, fifth (sources: sw, hi)
  • sis – six, sixth (sources: en, fr, ar, es, sw)
  • set – seven, seventh (sources: fr, es, hi, ru)
  • at – eight, eighth (sources: hi, en)
  • tisa – nine, ninth (sources: ar, sw)
  • des – ten, tenth (sources: es, fr, hi, ru)
  • des un – eleven
  • des do – twelve
  • des tri – thirteen
  • des katre – fourteen
  • des tano – fifteen
  • des sis – sixteen
  • des set – seventeen
  • des at – eighteen
  • des tisa – nineteen
  • dodes – twenty (do+des)
  • trides – thirty (tri+des)
  • katredes – forty (katre+des)
  • tanodes – fifty (tano+des)
  • sisdes – sixty (sis+des)
  • setdes – seventy (set+des)
  • atdes – eighty (at+des)
  • tisades – ninety (tisa+des)
  • sento – hundred (sources: es, fr, ru)
  • mil – thousand (sources: es, fr)

Prepositions

  • a – to (target or recipient), until, till, by (not later than) (sources: es, fr)
  • an – about, concerning, regarding, toward, towards, on, of (sources: ar, id)
  • be – by (agent of a passive verb or creator of a work) (sources: cmn, ar, en, fr, hi)
  • bina – without (sources: hi, ar, es, sw)
  • cem – than, as, compared to (used in comparisons) (sources: ru)
  • de – of, from, out of, since (time) (sources: cmn, es, fr, hi)
  • fauka – above, over (higher than and normally not touching) (sources: ar)
  • gen – with, together with, having (sources: cmn)
  • gi – for, toward, towards, for the benefit of (sources: ar, cmn, id)
  • inter – between, among, inter- Prep/Pref (sources: es, fr, id, ru, en, hi, ja)
  • ni – in, at, on (sources: ja, sw, ar, cmn)
  • ni abar – across (from one side to the other)
  • ni byen – beside, next to, by
  • ni karibe – near, close by, close to
  • ni otra byen – across, on the other side of
  • ni segi – along
  • ni seronde – around
  • ni sima – on, on top of (touching the upper surface)
  • o – (optional object marker) (sources: ja)
  • ol de – whole, entire, full, total, all of
  • por – for, due to, out of, because of, for the sake of (sources: es, en, fr)
  • pos – after, post- (in time), in (e.g. in three hours), later (e.g. two weeks later) Prep/Pref (sources: es, en, fr, ru)
  • pre – before, pre- Prep/Pref (sources: es, fr, en, id, ru)
  • su – under, below, sub-, under- Prep/Pref (sources: fr, cmn, en, es, id, ru)
  • yon – with, by, by means of, using, via (sources: cmn, es)

Prepositional phrases

  • bina cien – immediate, immediately, instant, instantly, without delay
  • ni tem – in time
  • ni tem esata – just in time

Conjunctions

  • a to – until, till (introducing a clause)
  • au – or, either (in: either … or) (sources: ar, sw, id)
  • bal – but, although, however, nevertheless, though (sources: ar, en, sw)
  • de to – since (a given time, introducing a clause)
  • kese – how (sources: hi)
  • kom – as, like, such as Conj/Prep (sources: fr, ar, es, sw)
  • por to – because, since (giving a reason, followed by a clause)
  • se – if, whether (sources: es, fr)
  • to – that (introduces a subordinate clause) (sources: ja, ru)
  • wa – and, both (in: both … and) (sources: ar, hi, ja, ru, sw)

Prefixes

  • cis- – cis- (sources: id, en, es, fr, ja, ru)
  • estra – extra-, outside Pref/Prep (sources: en, es, fr, id, ru)
  • ko- – -y, -ling, -let, -ette, -ie (diminutive: smaller or weaker version) (sources: ja, ru, es, sw)
  • ma- – (prefix that can be used to mark individuals as male)
  • ne- – non-, un-, in-, dis- (sources: ru, cmn, es)
  • tras- – trans- (sources: es, en, fr, id, ja, ru)
  • we- – -ess (prefix that can be used to mark individuals as female)
  • yu- – (prefix marking a young, not yet fully grown member of a species or group) (sources: cmn, ja)

Suffixes

  • -aje – -age (thing that does something) (sources: en, fr, es)
  • -bal – -able, -ible (fit to be done, deserving to be done, worthy of)
  • -eria – -ery (a place where something takes place or is sold or exhibited or where services related to it are offered) (sources: es, en, fr)
  • -i, -ai – -an, -al, -ic, -ine (forms adjectives from nouns: related to, affected by, characterized by, applying throughout) (sources: ar, hi, ru, en)
  • -in – -ite (specifies the object or typical object of an act) (sources: cmn, en, id, ja)
  • -isme – -ism (ideology, belief or movement) (sources: fr, id, ru, en, es, ja)
  • -istan, -astan – -stan, -istan (sources: es, hi, ru, ar, cmn, en, fr, id, ja, sw)
  • -ja – -er (person who does something, whether currently, frequently, or professionally) (sources: cmn, en, ja)
  • -lan – -land (sources: cmn, ar, en, es, fr, hi, id, ru)
  • -nari – -nary, -ary (suffix for number systems and arity) (sources: en, es, fr, id, ru)
  • -nes – -ness, -hood, -ship, -ity, -itude, -dom (forms abstract nouns expressing a state or quality) (sources: en, fr, ru)
  • -ori – (suffix used to derive colors)
  • -u – (turns verb into auxiliary verb, indicating that another verb will follow)

Interjections

  • cao – goodbye, bye (sources: es, ru)
  • den can hapi – happy birthday
  • den hau – good morning (used as greeting throughout the day)
  • oi – oh (sources: ru, cmn, en, es, fr, hi, id, ja)
  • oi bura – oh dear
  • salam – hello (sources: ar, hi, id, sw, fr, ru)
  • suba hau – good morning (used as greeting until around noon)

Phrases

  • gi tu – in order to, to
  • Krismas hapi, Can Kristo hapi – merry Christmas
  • mi ama ti – I love you
  • nam mi xi – my name is
  • nam ti xi ke – what is your name, what’s your name
  • no de – none of
  • ti xi kese – how are you
  • ya ke – he who, she who, the one who
en/wordlist.txt · Last modified: 2022-05-22 03:17 by lugamun